b) Netskills & E-Course Design for language teaching
c) Software for creating interactive language exercises
d) Build your own online classroom (VLEs, podcasts, audio/video-streaming)
e) Copyright, Free Image Resources & Digital Picture Editing
f) Blogs for learning
g) Market your educational website
h) Journal Articles & Research
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a) IELTS (International English Language Testing System)
b) TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) & related Tests
c) CAEL (Canadian Academic English Language Assessment)
d) Cambridge EFL Examinations (FCE, CAE etc)
e) Michigan Proficiency Tests
f) Free Practice Exercises
A game is structured playing, usually undertaken for enjoyment and sometimes used as an educational tool. Games are distinct from work, which is usually carried out for remuneration, and from art, which is more often an expression of aesthetic or ideological elements. However, the distinction is not clear-cut, and many games are also considered to be work (such as professional players of spectator sports/games) or art (such as jigsaw puzzles or games involving an artistic layout such as Mahjong, solitaire, or some video games).
Whereas games are often characterized by their tools, they are often defined by their rules. While rules are subject to variations and changes, enough change in the rules usually results in a "new" game. For instance, baseball can be played with "real" baseballs or with wiffleballs. However, if the players decide to play with only three bases, they are arguably playing a different game. There are exceptions to this in that some games deliberately involve the changing of their own rules, but even then there are often immutable meta-rules.
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A function of PTI (Union Council Padshan) held in Maswal on July 16,2012